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Sunday, December 16, 2018
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Native American Celebration Highlights Tribal Cultures, Land Rights

Annawon Weeden and guests dance
Native American performers and educators from around New England brought a celebration of song, dance, and cultural identity to Emerson College as part of International Education Week. Performers, including Wampanoag activist/educator Annawon Weeden, center, introduced the history and purpose of dances and songs from Native American nations. Photo/Derek Palmer
By David Ertischek ’01

Tribal dances and songs, a review of historical and current events, and a fall harvest meal, were all part of a Native American Cultures Celebration held at the Bill Bordy Theater on Friday, November 16.

“The idea today is to talk about diversity,” said Jeremy Heflin, associate director of English Language Learning, who has organized the event for several years. “Native Americans still exist. Native American cultures still partake in society and are diverse.

“When it comes to Native American cultures, it frequently ends up as a myth, as one culture,” said Heflin, who is of Cherokee descent.

Baird speaks

Jessie Little Doe Baird, vice chair of the Mashpee Wampanoag Tribal Council and a MacArthur Fellow, spoke about the history of the tribe and land-in-trust issues affecting modern Native American communities. Photo/Derek Palmer

Jessie Little Doe Baird, vice chair of the Mashpee Wampanoag Tribal Council and a MacArthur Fellow, spoke about the history of the tribe that dates back 12,000 years, and discussed land-in-trust issues affecting modern Native American communities.

“I think there are times in humanity we could be happy with the status quo,” said Baird, who comes from a line of women chiefs. “Many of us will not see that in our lifetime.”

Baird spoke of the historical inequities faced by Native Americans — forced off their land, forced to become American citizens and pay taxes, having their children taken from them “to become less Indian” — and the current fight with the federal government over control of their land.

Today’s Struggle

For decades, Native American tribes needed federal acknowledgement to be granted a land in trust by the government. The United States holds the title to properties in land in trusts, but allows the tribe to make its own decisions about the tax-exempt land. The Mashpee Wampanoag were granted federal acknowledgement and land rights in 2015. Why was this important?

“The land trust gave us jurisdiction,” Baird said. “We were able to have our own police officers by tribal policing. We were able to open schools and teach our language to our children.”

But now the current administration is trying to remove the Wampanoag’s land trust. Baird said there are 127 tribes recognized nationally. “If they [revoke the trust for the] Mashpee, then they’ll go after the other 126,” she said.

Hearing about the plight of the Wampanoag resonated with students like Lauren Everheart-Deckard ’22, a creative writing major. “It was interesting learning about the Mashpee. It’s upsetting. It was cool to learn about a culture we don’t normally hear about and learn about land sovereignty.”

Flavorful Food and Dancing

Towards the end of the harvest luncheon featuring native food, including duck, squash, Brussels sprouts and apple pies, attendees were treated to dance and drum performances led and narrated by Wampanoag activist and educator Annawon Weeden.

Donning Native American regalia featuring intricate beadwork and eagle and blue jay feathers, several dancers performed regional tribal and gender dances. After the demonstration, Weeden implored attendees to participate in several group dances: “There’s no right or wrong – unless you’re sitting.”

An alligator dance and a duck hunt dance were followed by a Q&A session with Weeden, who explained the significance of the dances.

Baird closed the event with a message of thanks and being “peaceful when you leave.”

“It’s interesting as an international student,” said Qingyuan Wu ’22, a Visual and Media Arts major.  “It’s good to know about other cultures. It gives us an idea of Native American cultures living in their own environments.”

women holding hands in circle

Participants of the Native American Cultural Celebration were encouraged to dance. Photo/Derek Palmer